Because of issues with the muscles and nerves that help the bladder hold or release pee, incontinence is a frequent condition. When you cough or sneeze, you could leak urine. Alternatively, you can suddenly feel the need to use the restroom yet be unable to do so in time.
What types of urinary incontinence are there?
There are five fundamental kinds.
1) When you sneeze, cough, laugh, move heavy objects, exercise, or do other things that increase strain on your bladder, stress incontinence causes you to leak urine.
2) Urge incontinence, known as overactive bladder (OAB), is the leaking of pee following an intense urge to urinate that strikes you suddenly. If you need to go eight or more times a day, including more than once at night, you may have OAB. Or perhaps you get the urge to pee when you come in contact with or hear water running. The need to urinate can occur even when your bladder is empty in the case of dry OAB.
3) When stress and urge incontinence coexist, it is called mixed incontinence. Women are more prone to this.
4) When you can’t empty your bladder, you could leak pee after it fills up. Overflow incontinence is much more common in men.
5) Functional incontinence occurs when a health issue, such as arthritis, prevents you from using the restroom promptly.
What is the treatment for urine incontinence?
Your doctor can develop a treatment strategy reflecting your symptoms and any potential underlying medical issues. Several possibilities are:
- Therapy. Drugs available over the counter and on prescription help ease muscles and nerves and stop bladder spasms. When other medicines fail to control the bladder, Botox injections are an option. In most cases, Botox treatment in a doctor‘s office takes less than five minutes. For up to six months, it might help you keep your symptoms under control.
- Surgical procedure. If you have severe symptoms and alternative therapies don’t work, your doctor can recommend surgery. A typical surgical method known as a “sling operation” supports the bladder using a thin mesh ribbon.
- Devices. A pessary ring is put into a woman’s vagina to move the urethra and stop leaks.
- Bladder education. You can gradually gain control over your bladder and lengthen the duration between trips to the bathroom by using the restroom at regular intervals rather than waiting until you feel the urge.
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